NTPC is India’s largest energy conglomerate with roots planted way back in 1975 to accelerate power development in India. Since then it has established itself as the dominant power major with presence in the entire value chain of the power generation business. From fossil fuels it has forayed into generating electricity via hydro, nuclear and renewable energy sources. This foray will play a major role in lowering its carbon footprint by reducing green house gas emissions. To strengthen its core business, the corporation has diversified into the fields of consultancy, power trading, training of power professionals, rural electrification, ash utilisation and coal mining as well.
NTPC became a Maharatna company in May 2010, one of the only four companies to be awarded this status. NTPC ranked 492nd in the ‘2019, Forbes Global 2000’ ranking of the World’s biggest companies.
Growth of NTPC installed capacity and generation
The total installed capacity of the company is 55,126 MW (including JVs) with 21 coal based, 7 gas based stations, 2 Hydro based station and 1 Wind based station. 9 Joint Venture stations are coal based and 11 Solar PV projects. The capacity will have a diversified fuel mix and by 2032, non fossil fuel based generation capacity shall make up nearly 30% of NTPC’s portfolio.
NTPC has been operating its plants at high efficiency levels. Although the company has 15.56% of the total national capacity, it contributes 22.74% of total power generation due to its focus on high efficiency.
In October 2004, NTPC launched its Initial Public Offering (IPO) consisting of 5.25% as fresh issue and 5.25% as offer for sale by the Government of India. NTPC thus became a listed company in November 2004 with the Government holding 89.5% of the equity share capital. In February 2010, the Shareholding of Government of India was reduced from 89.5% to 84.5% through a further public offer. Government of India has further divested 9.5% shares through OFS route in February 2013. With this, GOI's holding in NTPC has reduced from 84.5% to 75%. The rest is held by Institutional Investors, banks and Public. Presently, Government of India is holding in NTPC has reduced to 56.41%.
NTPC is not only the foremost power generator; it is also among the great places to work. The company is guided by the “People before Plant Load Factor” mantra which is the template for all its human resource related policies. In 2018, NTPC was recognized as “Laureate” for consistently ranking among “Top 50 Best Companies to Work for in India” for last 10 years in the Great Place to Work and Economic Times survey. Besides, NTPC was also recognized as the best among PSUs and in Manufacturing.